Shortly after the French revolutionary events, even in Italy the ideals of social innovation began to spread widely – on the basis of the advocacy of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 – and subsequently also political, with the first patriotic ferments addressed to the national self-determination: for this reason the French blue, white and red flag became the first reference of the Italian Jacobins and subsequently a source of inspiration for the creation of an Italian identity flag. , The first red, white and green national flag of a sovereign Italian state was instead adopted, as mentioned, on 7 January 1797, when the Fourteenth Parliament of the Cispadane Republic, on the proposal of deputy Giuseppe Compagnoni of Lugo, decreed "to make universal the ... standard or flag of three colours, green, white, and red ...":, [...] From the minutes of the XIV Session of the Cispadan Congress: Reggio Emilia, 7 January 1797, 11 am. This lasted for four months, while the Papal States of the Church was in abeyance.  When it was used, as inside the symbol of the National Fascist Party, its history was distorted, given that the tricolour was born as a symbol of freedom and civil rights. , The Italian Constitution does not make provision for a Vice-President. , The standard of President of the Council of Ministers of Italy, introduced for the first time in 1927 by Benito Mussolini, in its first form a littorio beam appeared in the middle of the drape. Distinguishing insignia for former Presidents of the Republic was created in 2001; a tricolour in the style of the Presidential standard, it is emblazoned with the Cypher of Honour of the President of the Republic. , Due to the common arrangement of the colours, at first sight, it seems that the only difference between the Italian and the Mexican flag is only the Aztec coat of arms present in the second; in reality the Italian tricolour uses lighter shades of green and red, and has different proportions than the Mexican flag: those of the Italian flag are equal to 2:3, while the proportions of the Mexican flag are 4:7. See, Regio decreto n. 2072 del 24 settembre 1923, convertito nella legge n. 2264 del 24 dicembre 1923, Decreto legislativo del capo provvisorio dello stato n. 1305 del 9 novembre 1947 (GU 275 del 29 novembre 1947), Article 1 of the law n. 671 of 31 December 1996 ("National celebration of the bicentenary of the first national flag"), Article 1 of the law n. 222 of 23 November 2012 ("Rules on the acquisition of knowledge and skills in the field of" Citizenship and Constitution "and on the teaching of the Mameli hymn in schools"), Foglio d'ordini n. 76 del 22 settembre 1965; Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica del 22 marzo 1990 e del 29 giugno 1992, "Le funzioni del Presidente della Repubblica, in ogni caso che egli non possa adempierle, sono esercitate dal Presidente del Senato" (the functions of the President of the Republic, in all cases in which he cannot carry them out, shall be exercised by the President of the Senate), Decreto del Presidente della Repubblica n. 19/N del 14 ottobre 1986, Regio decreto del 22 aprile 1879. , As already mentioned, green, in the first Italian tricolour cockades, symbolized natural rights, namely social equality and freedom. Flag Date Use Description 1 January 1948 National flag: A vertical tricolour of green, white, and red (proportions 77:2).  Work of the National Association returning from imprisonment, internment and liberation war, it was 1,570 m long, 4,8 m wide and had an area of 7,536 m²: it paraded in Rome, from the Colosseum to the Capitoline Hill.. On 15 April 1861, the flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia was declared the flag of the newly formed Kingdom of Italy. In the presence of a foreign visitor belonging to a member state, this takes precedence over the Italian flag. In the same year, the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia revolted against the Austrian Empire in the Five Days of Milan, forming the Provisional Government of Lombardy on 22 March 1848 and Provisional Government of Venice, the so-called "Republic of San Marco", a day later. , Of particular importance is the Museum of the tricolour of Reggio nell'Emilia, a city that saw the birth of the Italian flag in 1797.  The tricolour waved for the first time in the history of the Risorgimento in the Cittadella of Alessandria during the revolutions of 1820 to then reappear during revolutions of 1830. The Italian national flag belongs to the family of flags derived from the French tricolor, with all the meanings attached, as mentioned, to the ideals of the French revolution.  During this period tricolour bands were introduced for mayors and the jurors of the assize court is of this period. In general two areas of exposure are identified: national and international events. The Tricolour Day, Flag Day dedicated to the Italian flag, was established by law n. 671 of 31 December 1996, which is held every year on 7 January.  This version was short lived however as only two years later it was replaced by the 1965 standard, only with a smaller emblem.  On 18 October 1796, together with the establishment of the Italian Legion (the military banner of this military unit was composed of a red, white and green tricolor, probably inspired by the similar decision of the Lombard Legion), the wire Napoleonic congregation of magistrates and deputy deputies of Bologna, at the third point of the discussion, decided to create a civic banner red, white and green, this time released from military use.  Other flags with green, white and red in horizontal bands are those of Bulgaria, Iran, Oman and Tajikistan.  It is celebrated every year on 7 January, with the official celebrations being organized in Reggio nell'Emilia, the city where the first official adoption of the tricolour was declared as a national flag by an Italian sovereign state, the Cispadane Republic, which took place on 7 January 1797.  This solemn rite is carried out only on three other occasions, during the celebrations of the Unification of Italy (17 March), of the Festa della Repubblica (2 June) and of the National Unity and Armed Forces Day (4 November).  After various events it came to 7 January 1797, the date of the adoption of the tricolour flag by the Cispadane Republic, the first Italian sovereign state to make use of it. During this time, many small French-proxy republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted the ancient absolute Italian states and almost all, with variants of colour, used flags characterised by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French model of 1790.. When displayed alongside other flags, the national flag takes the position of honour; it is raised first and lowered last. The law n. 222 of 23 November 2012, concerning "Rules on the acquisition of knowledge and skills in the field of" Citizenship and Constitution and on the teaching of the Mameli hymn in schools", prescribes the study in schools of the Italian flag and others National symbols of Italy. [...].  Inside the "Central Museum of the Risorgimento at the Vittoriano", this is its name, there are about seven hundred historical flags belonging to the Italian Army, Italian Navy and Italian Air Force departments, as well as the tricolour flag with which it was wrapped in 1921 coffin of the Unknown Soldier on his journey to the Altar of the Patria. , A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity (an interpretation of the tricolor noted even in 1320 in the Divine Comedy of The Cispadane Republic supplanted the Duchy of Milan after Napoleon's victorious army crossed Italy in 1796. , Variant flag of the Italian Social Republic, The birth of Italian national colours on a cockade, Historical evolution of the Flag of Italy, National flags similar to the Flag of Italy. This celebration commemorates the first official adoption of the tricolour as a national flag by the Cispadane Republic, a Napoleonic sister republic of Revolutionary France, which took place in Reggio Emilia on 7 January 1797. Its current form has been in use since 18 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.. Founded in 2004, it is located within the town hall of the Emilian city, adjacent to the Sala del Tricolore: documents are kept and memorabilia whose dating is attributable to a period between the arrival of Napoleon Bonaparte in Reggio (1796) and 1897, the year of the first centenary of the Italian flag. Each comune also has a gonfalone bearing its coat of arms. The Frecce Tricolori, officially known as the 313º Gruppo Addestramento Acrobatico, is its aerobatic demonstration team. , In 1799, the independent Republic of Lucca came under French influence and adopted as its flag a horizontal tricolour with green uppermost; this lasted until 1801. , Also due to the Italian layout, the Italian flag is also quite similar to the flag of Ireland, with the exception of orange instead of red (although the shades used for the two colours are very similar) and proportions (2:3 against 1:2).  Following the adoption by the Bolognese congregation, the Italian flag became a political symbol of the struggle for the independence of Italy from foreign powers, supported by its use also in the civil sphere.  This Italian tricolour, with the armorial bearings of the former Royal House of Savoy was the first national flag and lasted in that form for 85 years until the birth of the Italian Republic in 1946. The Italian tricolor, like other tricolour flags, is inspired by the French one, introduced by the revolution in the autumn of 1790 on French Navy warships and symbol of the renewal perpetrated by the origins of Jacobinism. The first territory to be conquered by Napoleon was Piedmont; in the historical archive of the Piedmontese municipality of Cherasco is preserved a document attesting, on 13 May 1796, on the occasion of the Armistice of Cherasco between Napoleon and the Austro-Piedmontese troops, the first mention of the Italian tricolor, referring to municipal banners hoisted on three towers in the historic center.  During the Napoleonic period, the three colours acquired a more idealistic meaning for the population: the green represents hope, the white represents faith and the red represents love. The flag-raising of the tricolour takes place at the first light of dawn, with the flag which is made to slide quickly and resolutely up to the end of the flagpole.  The national flag of the short-lived Fascist state in northern Italy, the Italian Social Republic (1943–1945), or "Republic of Salò" as it was commonly known, was identical to the flag of the modern Italian Republic, as both republics used the previous flag of the Kingdom of Italy with the coat of arms of Savoy removed. The flag of Italy (Italian: Bandiera d'Italia, Italian: [banˈdjɛːra diˈtaːlja]), often referred to in Italian as il Tricolore (Italian: [il trikoˈloːre]); is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical pales of green, white and red, with the green at the hoist side. Italy’s own Dante Alighieri); this references the three theological virtues. Roman legions had carried the aquila, or eagle, as signa militaria.  The square shape with a Savoy blue border symbolize the four Italian armed forces, namely the Italian Air Force, the Carabinieri, the Italian Army and the Italian Navy, of which the President is the commander.. circulaire by the State Secretary for the Presidency of the Council of Ministers of 17 January 2003; the military flag bears the emblem of the Navy: a, he civil flag carries a coat of arms identical to that of the Navy, but without a crown and in which the lion of, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 04:32. This affair is commemorated in the opening of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace.. Located throughout the Italian peninsula, they are mainly located in northern Italy. After 7 January 1797 popular support for the Italian flag grew steadily, until it became one of the most important symbols of the Risorgimento, which culminated on 17 March 1861 with the proclamation of the Kingdom of Italy, when the tricolour became the national flag.  Since 1914, the Italian Air Force have also used a roundel of concentric rings in the colours of the tricolour as aircraft marking; substituted, from 1923 to 1943, by encircled fasces.  Vertical hoist is transformationally identical to horizontal hoist (i.e.  For the adoption of greenery there is also the so-called "Masonic hypothesis": even for Freemasonry, green was the colour of nature, a symbol of human rights, which are naturally inherent in the human being, as much as of the florid Italian landscape; this interpretation, however, is opposed by those who maintain that Freemasonry, as a secret society, did not have such an influence at the time that inspired Italian national colours. Viene decretato. Other national flags should be arranged in alphabetical order. A defaced Italian tricolour with the naval coat of arms. , There are many museums that host at least one historic Italian flag. It is decreed. 298, extraordinary edition, of 27 December 1947 and entered into force on 1 January 1948: If the flag is exposed horizontally, the green part should be placed near the auction, with the white one in a central position and the red one outside, while if the banner is exposed vertically the green section should be placed above. , Flag of the Cisalpine Republic (1798–1802), Flag of the Italian United Provinces (1831), Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1848–1849), Flag of the Republic of San Marco (1848–1849), Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1848–1851), Flag of the Kingdom of Sicily (1848–1849), Flag of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany (1848–1849), Flag of the Free cities of Menton and Roquebrune (1848–1849), Flag of the Kingdom of Sardinia (1851–1861), Flag of the United Provinces of Central Italy (1859–1860), Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1860–1861), Flag of the Italian Social Republic (1943–1945), War flag of the Italian Social Republic (1 December 1943 to 5 May 1944), War flag of the Italian Social Republic (6 May 1944 to 7 May 1945), Flag of the National Liberation Committee (1943–1945), Flag of the Trust Territory of Somaliland (1950–1960). A red flag with the inscription "Munkáspárt" (Workers' Party) … It consists of a blue drapery bordered by two gold-colored borders in the center of which stands the emblem of the Republic. , The flagship, which takes place in the evening, is instead slower and more solemn so as not to make it seem a rapid lowering. Italian patriots later identified the three colours with the Mediterranean maquis (Green), the snow-capped Alps (White), and the blood spilt during the Risorgimento (Red). , In the presence of other flags, as well as receiving the highest honor position, it must be hoisted first and lowered last.  Adopted on 21 June 1860, this lasted until 17 March 1861, when the Two Sicilies was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy, after its defeat in the Expedition of the Thousand led by Giuseppe Garibaldi.  In the military sphere it is announced by trumpet blasts and is performed on the notes of Il Canto degli Italiani by Goffredo Mameli and Michele Novaro, Italian national anthem since 1946.  It is on the French flag that the documents, at least until the entrance of the Italian Napoleonic army in Milan in October 1796, refer when they use the term "tricolor".  The green was then maintained by the Italian Jacobins because it represented nature and therefore – metaphorically – also natural rights, or social equality and freedom. The flag of the Constitutional Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, a white field charged with the coats of arms of Castile, Leon, Aragon, Two Sicilies, and Granada, was modified by Ferdinand II through the addition of a red and green border.  The similarity between the two flags posed a serious problem in maritime transport, given that originally the Mexican mercantile flag was devoid of arms and therefore was consequently identical to the Italian Republican tricolour of 1946; to obviate the inconvenience, at the request of the International Maritime Organization, both Italy and Mexico adopted naval flags with different crests. The banner should be exposed to every official engagement of the president and on the vehicles that carry it, however it is almost never used.  This decision was later confirmed in the session of 24 March 1947 by the Constituent Assembly, which decreed the insertion of article 12 of the Italian Constitution, subsequently ratified by the Italian Parliament, which states :, [...] The flag of the Republic is the Italian tricolour: green, white, and red, in three vertical bands of equal dimensions. Giuseppe Compagnoni also motioned that the standard or Cispadan Flag of three colours, Green, White and Red, should be rendered Universal and that these three colours should also be used in the Cispadan Cockade, which should be worn by everyone. 174 of 28 July 2006. However, separate insignia for the President of the Senate, in exercise of duties as acting head of state under Article 86, was created in 1986.  After the Unification of Italy the use of the tricolour became increasingly widespread among the population: the flag, and its colours, began to appear on the labels of commercial products, on school notebooks, on the first cars, on the cigar packs, etc. 16px: A horizontal bicolor of blue and white with the county's coat of arms and the inscription "JÁSZ-NAGYKUN-SZOLNOK-MEGYE" (Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok County) in the center. 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